Birthstone Colors

Birthstone Colors – With the exception of diamond, most Birthstones like ruby, sapphire, emerald, spinel, etc., are prized largely on account of the beautiful colors which they display.

Birthstone Colors by Month:

  • January Birthstone Color is «Red»;
  • February Birthstone Color is «Purple»;
  • March Birthstone Color is «Pale-Blue»;
  • April Birthstone Color is «White (Colorless)»;
  • May Birthstone Color is «Green»;
  • June Birthstone Color is «Grey»;
  • July Birthstone Color is «Red»;
  • August Birthstone Color is «Pale-Green»;
  • September Birthstone Color is «Deep-Blue»;
  • October Birthstone Color is «Pink (Multicolor)»;
  • November Birthstone Color is «Yellow»;
  • December Birthstone Color is «Purple (Violet)»;

The quality of Birthstone colors is a most uncertain means of identifying cut Birthstones, as it usually happens that a whole range of tints is shown by specimens of one and the same stone, whilst. specimens of different stones are often so similar in color that it is impossible for any but the most practiced eye to distinguish them.

This fact is impressed forcibly on anyone who inspects for the first time a series similar to that exhibited in the Horseshoe Case.

Of the substances which cause the tints in Birthstones, very little is yet known, a circumstance which is due partly to the very small amounts in which they are present in the specimens, and the consequent difficulty in detecting them by chemical methods, and partly to the high cost of the material necessary for such analysis.

The coloring matters, or pigments, are distributed throughout the mass in a homogeneous manner and are in such a fine state of division that they cannot be detected by the most powerful microscope.

Some have supposed that the pigments and the stone form a solid solution, others that it is merely a case of mechanical mixture, whilst the Viennese mineralogist, Doelter, who has given much attention to this subject, has suggested that in some cases the pigment may be in the colloidal state.

In this way he explained the alteration which often takes place in the color of a Birthstone when it is subjected to heat or other agencies, e.g., radium emanations. Such agencies might possibly convert the colloidal pigment into a crystalline one which would possess a different Birthstone colors. An example of this is yellow topaz which, on being heated, assumes a beautiful pink shade.

Doelter has also examined the behavior of many gemstones towards the emanations of radium and has discovered a number of interesting facts which have, however, not yet been completely explained.

Thus he found that a yellow diamond remained unaltered; a brown diamond was tinged with violet; smoky quartz of pale-brown color, was colored very dark-brown; wine-yellow topaz was colored dark-orange a blue sapphire was colored brown; emerald was practically unaltered, as also was ruby.

In Case 0 will be found a sapphire which, originally colorless, has been tinged with brown by exposure to radium emanations. It may be remarked that this specimen has become much paler during its sojourn in the case. As a result of his study of the influence exerted by heat and radium emanations on the Birthstone colors of minerals.

Doelter has divided the pigments of Birthstone Colors into two classes:

  • (a) stable pigments which are present in ruby, diamond and deeply. Colored sapphires, and which are almost insensitive to heat and to radium-emanations;
  • (b) H labile” pigments, which are present in pale sapphires, smoky quartz, fluorspar, topaz, zircon, etc., which are altered in some way by heat and radium emanations.

He found that, when such Birthstones were decolorized by heat, exposure to radium usually imparted the original color to the stone. The whole subject is yet in its infancy and for more information the student should consult «Das Radium und die Farben» by Professor O. Doelter, in which a compact summary is given of the results so far obtained.

An interesting point about several colored, doubly refracting Birthstones is that they show distinctly different colors according’ to the direction in which they are viewed.

This phenomenon is called dichroism, and is well seen in such a mineral as green tourmaline which appears almost black when viewed along the prism edge, whilst across the prism edge it appears Light-green. In many cases, however, the dichroism is so feeble that it cannot be observed by the naked eye, and an instrument called a «dichroscope» is then utilized.

On looking at the sky through the instrument we see two images of the slit owing to the double refraction of the calcite. When a dichroic stone is placed in front of the slit, and either the instrument or the stone is rotated, the following facts may he observed. In four positions at 900 from each other, the images of the slit are identical in Birthstone colors, but if the rotation from any such position is continued, a difference in Birthstone colors can be noted which reaches a maximum at 450; the difference then decreases until the next position at which identity of tint occurs is reached, and so on, until the rotation is completed.

Dichroism is due to double refraction and is never observed in singly refracting .stones like garnet and spinel, nor in any colored glass. Colored, doubly refracting stones are sometimes so feebly dichroic that no difference in the tints of the images can be observed, whilst dichroic stones do not exhibit the property if they are viewed along an optic axis.

To eliminate errors arising from this latter fact one should always examine the stone in several directions. It is therefore clear that, whilst presence of dichroism is a sure indication that the specimen is doubly refracting, absence of it does not, imply that a stone is singly refracting.

The following is a list of the dichroic Birthstone Colors:

Birthstone Colors Colors seen in Dichroscope
Ruby red pale, yellowish-red  deep-red
Sapphire blue pale, greenish-blue  deep-blue
Oriental Amethyst purple almost colorless  violet
Emerald green green  brown
Aquamarine bluish-green pale, yellowish-green  pale-blue
Emerald green yellowish-green  blush-green
Alexandrite green  yellow to red
Topaz yellow pale-pink or colorless  yellow
pink pale-yellow or colorless  pinkish-red
blue colorless  blue
Tourmaline green pale-green  dark-green
red pink  dark-red
blue pale-blue  dark-blue
brown yellowish-brown  dark-brown
Epidote yellowish-green  deep-brown
Andalusite green or brown green or yellowish-green  brownish-red
Sphene brownish-yellow greenish-yellow  reddish-yellow
Cordierite blue yellowish-grey  deep-blue
Aksinite brown blue  brown to yellowish-green
Smoky Quartz pale-yellow  yellowish-brown
Amethyst purple pale-pink to colorless  deep-purple
Kunzite pink or lilac pale-purple to yellow  purple to pink
Hiddenite green pale-green  dark-green
Chrysolite yellowish-green  green
Kyanite blue pale-blue  dark-blue
Enclase pale green pale-green to colorless  green
Turquoise Turquoise whitish-blue to yellowish-brown  deep-blue
Zircon red, orange, yellow, brown red, orange, yellow, brown  deep-yellow
Citrine yellow yellow to yellow-purple  brown to yellow
Moonstone blue, orange, brown, green blue to colorless  blue to green
Bloodstone green+red green+red to blue+red  blue to green
Black Diamonds black black  black
Garnet any color except blue any color except blue  any color except blue


End of Birthstone Colors List

Birthstone Chart


Birthstone chart – At different times and by different authors were compiled many birthstone charts. Each chart of birthstones, presented here, was taken from various ancient sources by George Frederick Kunz in his work entitled «Curious Lore of Precious Stones».

Below are the most interesting birthstone charts.

Birthstone chart by different centuries & religions:

Month Jews Romans Isidore Bishop of Seville Arabians Poles Russians Italians 15th to 20th Century
January Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet
February Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst
March Jasper Bloodstone Jasper Bloodstone Bloodstone Jasper Jasper Jasper
April Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Diamond Sapphire Sapphire Diamond
May Chalcedony
Agate Agate Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate Emerald
June Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate
Emerald Cat’s Eye
July Onyx Onyx Jasper Onyx Ruby Ruby
Onyx Turquoise
August Carnelian Carnelian Carnelian Sardonyx Sardonyx Alexandrite Carnelian Sardonyx
September Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Chrysolite
October Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Beryl Beryl Beryl
November Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz
December Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby Turquoise Turquoise
Ruby Ruby


Now we can confidently say that there were a great many charts of birthstones that somehow different from each other, but all these charts originate from the list of the foundation stones of which was given in Revelation (XXI, 19) or in Exodus (XXXIX, 10-13), as an example of Aaron’s breast pearls.

Birthstone chart from Authorized Version of the Scriptures:

Breastplate Foundation Stones
Authorized Version Later Correction Authorized Version
I Sardius Carnelian Jasper
II Topaz Chrysolite (Peridot) Sapphire
III Carbuncle Emerald Chalcedony
IV Emerald Ruby Emerald
V Sapphire Lapis-lazuli Sardonyx
VI Diamond Onyx Sardius
VII Ligure Sapphire Chrysolite
VIII Agate Agate Beryl
IX Amethyst Amethyst Topaz
X Beryl Topaz Chrysoprasus
XI Onyx Beryl Jacinth
XII Jasper Jasper Amethyst

Check Gemstone Identification chart Here

U.S. birthstone chart and places where these birthstones were found:

Month Birthstone Where where found
January Garnet, Rhodolite Montana, New Mexico, Arizona, North Carolina
February Amethyst North Carolina, Georgia, Virginia
March Californite California
April Sapphire Montana, Idaho
May Green tourmaline Lake Superior
June Moss-agate California, Montana, Wyoming, Arizona
July Turquoise New Mexico, California, Arizona
August Golden beryl California, Connecticut, North Carolina
September Kunzite California
October Aquamarine North Carolina, Maine, California
November Topaz Utah, California, Maine
December Rubellite Montana


Birthstone Chart by the seasons:

Birthstones of Summer Birthstones of Autumn Birthstones of Winter Birthstones of Spring
Zircon Hyacinth Diamond Amethyst
Garnet (Demantoid and Ouvarite) Topaz Rock-crystal Green Diamond
Chrysoberyl (alexandrite) Spinel Sapphire White Sapphire Chrysoberyl
Pink Topaz Jacinth Turquoise Spinel (Rubicelle)
Ruby Cairngorm Quartz Pink Topaz
Tire Opal Adamantine Spar Moonstone Olivine (Peridot)
Tourmaline Pearls Emerald
Oriental chrysolite Labradorite


*Hindu Birthstone Chart:

Month Birthstone
January Serpent-stone
February Chandrakanta
March The gold Siva-linga
April Diamond
May Emerald
June Pearls
July Sapphire
August Ruby
September Zircon
October Coral
November Cat’s-eye
December Topaz

*Surindro Mohun Tagore, Mani Mala, Pt. II, Calcutta, 1881, pp. 619, 621

Day of the week Birthstone chart:

Day of the week Birthstone
Monday Moonstone
Tuesday Star Sapphire
Wednesday Star Ruby
Thursday Cat’s-eye
Friday Alexandrite
Saturday Labradorite
Sunday Sunstone


Old Spanish Birthstone chart of gems & zodiac signs:

Zodiac Sign Birthstone
Aries Crystal
Taurus Ruby & Diamond
Gemini Sapphire
Cancer Agate & Beryl
Leo Topaz
Virgo Magnet
Libra Jasper
Scorpio Garnet
Sagittarius Emerald
Capricorn Chalcedony
Aquarius Amethyst
Pisces Tanzanite


Birthstone chart of gems & planets:

Planet Birthstone
Saturn Sapphire
Jupiter Jacinth
Sun Diamond
Mars Ruby
Venus Emerald
Mercury Agate
Moon Selenite


Fixed stars associated with gems Birthstone Chart:

Birthstone Fixed Star
Diamond Caput Algol 18° of Taurus
Crystal The Pleiades 24° of Taurus
Ruby & Carbuncle Aldebaran 3° of Gemini; also the Hyades
Sapphire The Goat 15° of Gemini
Beryl Sirius 10° of Cancer
Garnet Heart of Lion 23° of Leo
Magnet Tail of the Great Bear 8° of Scorpio; also the Pole Star
Topaz Eight and left wing of Raven 8° of Libra
Emerald & Jasper Spic a Virgin is 17° of Libra
Amethyst Scorpion 3° of Sagittarius
Chrysolite Tortoise 8° of Capricorn
Chalcedony Tail of Capricorn 15° of Aquarius
Jacinth Shoulder of Equis Major 18° of Pisces
Pearl Umbilicus Andromeda 20° of Aries
Sardonyx Topaz


In France and England in the 18th century, jewelry from birthstones, such as rings, bracelets, brooches, necklaces, inlaid with gems, the first letters of which combined together expressed a motto or a mood.

Below is a birthstone chart by the mood:

Mood Birthstone or GEM
FAITH Fire-opal, Feldspar, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Iolite, Idocrase, Tourmaline, Topaz, Hyacinth, Heliotrope
HOPE Hyacinth, Hematite, Opal, Olivine, Pearl, Pyrope, Emerald, Essonite
CHARITY Cat’s-eye, Carbuncle, Hyacinth, Hematite, Aquamarine, Amethyst, Ruby, Rose quartz, Iolite, Idocrase, Tourmaline, Topaz
GOOD LUCK Golden beryl, Garnet, Opal, Onyx, Olivine, Obsidian, Diamond, Dendrite, Lapis-lazuli, Labradorite, Uralian emerald, Unio pearl, Cat’s-eye, Carnelian, Kunzite, Krokidolite
FOREVER Fire-opal, Fleches d’amour, Opal, Onyx, Ruby, Rutile, Emerald, Essonite, Vermeille, Verd antique, Essonite, Epidote, Rubellite, Rose quartz
REGARD Ruby, Rubellite, Emerald, Essonite, Garnet, Garnet, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Ruby, Rock-crystal, Diamond, Demantcid
ZES Zircon, Zonochlorite, Emerald, Essonite, Sapphire, Sard
MIZPAH Moonstone, Moldavite, Indicolite, Idocrase, Zircon, Zonochlorite, Peridot, Pyrope, Asteria, Aquamarine, Hyacinth, Hematite
FRIENDSHIP Fleches d’amour Feldspar, Ruby, Rock crystal, Indicolite, Idocrase, Emerald, Epidote, Nephrite, Nicolo, Diamond, Diopside, Sapphire, Sard, Hyacinth, Hematite, Iolite, Idocrase, Pearl, Pyrite
DEAREST Diamond, Demantoid, Emerald, Essonite, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Ruby, Rubellite, Essonite, Epidote, Sapphire, Spinel, Turquoise, Topaz
SOUVENIR Sapphire, Sunstone, Opal, Onyx, Uralian emerald, Utahlite, Vermeille, Verd antique, Emerald, Epidote, Nephrite, Nephrite, Iolite, Indicolite, Ruby, Rock-crystal
BONHEUR Beryl, Bloodstone, Opal, Onyx, Nephrite, Nephrite, Hyacinth, Hematite, Emerald, Essonite, Uralian emerald, Utahlite, Ruby, Rhodonite
AMITIE Alexandrite, Almandine, Moonstone, Moonstone, Indicolite, Indicolite, Tourmaline, Topaz, Idocrase, Idocrase, Emerald, Essonite
LOVE ME Lapis-lazuli, Labrador spar, Opal, Onyx, Vermeille, Verd antique, Emerald, Essonite, Moonstone, Essonite, Epidote
AEI Alexandrite, Almandine, Emerald, Essonite, Indicolite, Idocrase

Source Collected from:





Birthstone Jewelry


Jewelry made of precious stones have always adorned their owners, whether man, woman, husband, wife, son, daughter, mom, dad, or grandparent, girlfriend or boyfriend.

Birthstone Jewelry will emphasize individuality of its owner and show it to as connoisseurs of fashion jewelry in the other’s eyes.

There is a huge variety of jewelry from the birthstones such as rings , pendants , earrings, necklaces and so on. Birthstones Online will help realize your choice of birthstone jewelry by providing interesting information about the origin of jewelry for every birthstone.

Birthstones Online is not an on-line store, but rather is an information resource, providing information about the birthstones, its healing and mystical properties, origin, stories, legends, and so on.

Here you can learn the history of the origin of the Birthstone Jewelry for each month.


January Birthstone Jewelry: Garnet Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

January Birthstone Jewelry: Garnet used in the manufacture of various jewelry during the time of the Scythians. Name of a stone because of its resemblance to the color of the color of fruit pomegranate seeds derived from the Latin word «granatus».

Garnet was also known in ancient Persia. In this country, the pomegranate is considered «royal stone». Vintage wizard picked up the largest specimens of rocks and carved on its surface images rulers.

Garnet always highly prized as a stone for making jewelry. This assessment has steadily increase, making the garnet and its variants have surpassed all recognized by jewelers value minerals such as opal and alexandrite, at the beginning of the XX century.


February Birthstone Jewelry: Amethyst Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

February Birthstone Jewelry: In China, of light amethyst cut bottles and small boxes. In ancient Greece and Rome were cut amethyst gems, seals and small parts.

In the Middle Ages amethyst highly prized in the East and in Europe, where it is considered preferable for jewelry items and clothing ecclesiastical priests.

When ordained to the rank of cardinal devoted were handed ring with amethyst, why in the Catholic countriesof stone called episcopal, pastoral, and the Bishops in Russia.


March Birthstone Jewelry: Aquamarine Ring. Credits to fotomormor @ Flickr

March Birthstone Jewelry: Azure color in combination with a fresh touch of aqua gives jewelry a special glamor and elegance.

In the ancient world, aquamarine, as well as from other varieties of beryl, used to cut lenses for those who can’t see, of course, made jewelry and inlays of this stone.

Aquamarine today – almost one of the most popular gemstones that are actively used not only in the inserts in different jewelry – earrings, pendants, necklaces, rings, etc. – but also to create an exclusive sculptures.


April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond Ring

April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond Ring. Credits to Alissa S. @ Flickr

April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond jewelry – the standard of prestige, luxury and well-being. Diamond jewelry made of gold is extremely highly valued not only because of the high cost of materials, but also the fact that often are true works of jewelry.

Talented hands of masters, combining two great jewelry: diamonds and gold, create rare instances, to serve and beautiful decorations and be exposed in the famous national treasuries.

History of Diamonds already more than a thousand years. Brilliants – it diamonds, polished artificial means to determine their maximum brightness.

Diamond has a unique ability: inside the stone passage occurs repeatedly and double refraction of light, which gives it an incredible sparkling shine and makes rainbow colors play.


May Birthstone Jewelry: Bracelet with Emeralds & Diamonds. Credits to gemteck1 @ Flickr

May Birthstone Jewelry: In ancient times, emeralds highly valued rulers of India. It is believed, that the builder of the Taj Mahal, the famous Sultan Shah Yahan wore emeralds as a mascot, they were depicted scriptures.

In ancient Egyptian, emerald jewelry also enjoyed great popularity. And a huge number of people want to jewelry with emeralds after their death put in their tomb.

In the old times, emerald considered powerful tool to help in the treatment of, as well as protecting against snakebites and animals.


June Birthstone Jewelry: Necklace of pearls. Credits to Mauro Cateb @ Flickr

June Birthstone Jewelry: Perhaps not everyone knows that pearls – the first known people of jewelry . For tens of millennia BC prehistoric man in search of food accidentally found on the coast of something beautiful hidden inside the shell.

Jewelry made of pearls emphasize the high social status of their owners, standing out against the background of other decorations. The most common jewelry – beads, necklaces, necklaces.

Often this material is used in jewelry and other types. For example, the rings and earrings. Put in silver and gold earrings, it will look great and will undoubtedly attract to itself many admiring glances.


July Birthstone Jewelry: Ruby earrings. Credits to GlitzUK @ Flickr

July Birthstone Jewelry: For millennia, the ruby  is considered one of the most valuable and most expensive gemstones. In the Indian tribes called him «the leader of gems», but for the color saturation was considered dragon’s blood, blessed with magical powers.

In the Indian representations jewelry with rubies is recommended to wear after stroke, blood diseases, insomnia, diseases of the joints and spine.


August Birthstone Jewelry: Peridot Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

August Birthstone Jewelry: Chrysolites in jewelry often called «olivine» or «peridot».

Historically, the most famous deposits of peridot are in Egypt Zebirget island in the Red Sea.

The history of their development of more than 3500 years. Peridot is mined along with other precious stones in Burma and Brazil.


September Birthstone Jewelry: Sapphire Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

September Birthstone Jewelry: There is nothing that can elevate a woman’s beauty, make her chaste and regal and majestic as jewelry with sapphires.

This is not surprising, since ancient times it is known that the royal stone – sapphire power over everything, it was believed that this great jewel piercing blue and bright glare has incredible heavenly power.

Earlier, people claimed that the sky – it’s a huge giant sapphire gem and associated cerulean with the divine and sacred miracle guardian of chastity, purity and eternal truth.


October Birthstone Jewelry: Opal Necklace. Credits to Rach @ Flickr

October Birthstone Jewelry: Opal has a long history as a gemstone. In different cultures Opal had its purpose. The ancient Greeks thought that opals give their owners the ability of foresight and prophecy, and the Romans saw him as a sign of hope and purity.

In the jewelry business is mainly used precious opal. Precious opal can be the following colors: white, black, pink, blue.

Special love for opals showed Queen Victoria. She and her daughter entered the fashion of wearing opals.


November Birthstone Jewelry: Topaz Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

November Birthstone Jewelry: Topaz – one of the oldest stones known to mankind. Today, yellow topaz is mainly used in jewelry for making decorative ornaments, but in ancient times as well, and now, this gem is highly prized because of its mystical and healing properties.

Topaz jewelry can be easily treated, so among the many forms and facets, you can always find one that you like.


December Birthstone Jewelry: Turquoise Ring. Credits to Quinn Dombrowski @ Flickr

December Birthstone Jewelry: Turquoise jewelry has long been popular among kings, emperors, warriors, strong people. Preserved many ornaments with this mineral that our ancestors wore. Turquoise placed on the hilt of the sword, were made of her necklaces, pendants, bracelets and other jewelry.

Admiring turquoise in the morning improves vision, say the sages ! So proud contemplation donated lover ‘s ring or turquoise rings will not only delight for the soul, but his eyes adjust to the desired mood, relieve fatigue and stress make you the happiest man on earth!

There are also:

  • Birthstone Jewelry for mom
  • Birthstone Jewelry for grandmothers
  • Family Birthstone Jewelry