Alexandrite is a birthstone for June — it is a modified Uralian chrysoberyl. This gem was discovered in April 17, 1834 by the Finnish mineralogist Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld. He decided to give a name to this precious stone in honor of Russian Emperor Alexander II.
The color of june birthstone is dark-green, it looks like «dark emerald». Alexandrite loses its green color and becomes purple or crimson in artificial light. In a daylight (strong sunlight), Alexandrite looks like a purple gem, with bluish-green tint.
Birthstone for june is very «young» — its history begins in XIX century, and the story of discovering was as follows:
Finnish mineralogist Nils Nordenskiöld found this gemstone inside the emerald mines in 1834. Until the 80s, it was thought, that the only place where was deposits of this mineral, were the mines on Ural. These mines were located in 85 miles east of Ekaterinburg. The largest crystals of Alexandrite were found in the mines of Krasnoboltsk. Also, the crystals of this perfect june birthstone were found in the Starsky mine, where they were found growing into the kaolin.
The young age of this gem is not an obstacle for its glory, because this stone quickly won the hearts of collectors and connoisseurs. In the Middle Age, the only people, represented establishment be worn this rare precious stone: ladies of noble estates and the spouses of foreign diplomats could afford to wear Alexandrite jewelry.
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When King Alexander died in 1881 at the hands of the revolutionaries, june birthstone became a symbol of Russian monarchists, therefore, Alexandrite came into vogue after the assassination of Alexander II.
Alexandrite could be put together with two diamonds, which symbolize the two historical epochs in the sphere of politics and economics of Alexander – the abolition of serfdom and changes in the judiciary.
Later, the history illustrates another tragic event associated with this «young» Birthstone. The last Russian emperor Nicholas II was executed along with his family, just forty kilometers from the place, where the alexandrite was discovered.
The peak of popularity of Alexandrite belongs to the end of XIX century, when every fashionable lady in Russia and Europe revered her duty to wear Alexandrite jewelry.
RARITY OF JUNE BIRTHSTONE
Clean and clear pieces of Alexandrite are very rare, because of small amount of crystals available for polish.
Impeccably good crystals of natural Alexandrite are much more rare. The crystals, found in mines, usual are less than 1 karat of weight, therefore, the natural Alexandrite is quite rare in sale, besides, some jewelers even never hear about it.
Even uncut Alexandrite is a great rarity. The main reason, that it is a unfavorable sign, to find alexandrite in the Emerald mines. Besides, that Alexandrite itself has no industrial value for jewelers, because its rarity and cost.
The second reason — it is competition between Russian and Indian Alexandrites. There are excellent transparent Alexandrites in India. Besides, some Alexandrite crystals from India has the weight much more than 1 karat and the color with excellent luster. Also, the price of Indian Alexandrite is very low.
THE EXCLUSIVITY OF JUNE BIRTHSTONE
Alexandrite, it seems the only gemstone having trichroism in the highest degree of perfection. Because, if there are some corundum slightly green and light blue, which changes color with candles, the first in a pale blue silk, and purple in the second, then in anyway, these changes are quite weak.
Another well-known variety of Alexandrite, as a gemstone has pure yellow or golden color. These Alexandrites Mined in Brazil, Ekaterinburg district and Earth Orenburg Cossack troops, along the river Sanarka.
Alexandrite is also the rarest gem among all of birthstones.
HEALING PROPERTIES OF JUNE BIRTHSTONE
This gemstone can alert its owner about the changes in his condition. For example, the color of Alexandrite could be changed to yellow, if the owner of gem is under stress.
It is believed, that sometimes, Alexandrite can predict the events. Alexandrite has also another feature — it calms its owner, helping him to be more loyal and to restrain emotions.
The healing power of the June Birthstone depends of duality of its color. Alexandrite may normalize the activity of the circulatory system.
In the XIX century believed that wearing of alexandrite ring or pendant can protect its owner against diseases of the spleen and intestines, and the stone, inserted in the ear, protect against problems with the pancreas.
The healing properties of June Birthstone are close to the properties of amethyst. Alexandrite helps to prevention of diseases, associated with morbid addiction to alcohol, nicotine and drugs.
In general, June Birthstone removes toxins from the body. It is very good to wear Alexandrite jewelry during the period of recovery and rehabilitation after a serious illness, injury or surgery. June Birthstone helps to fastest recovery and brings harmony to its owner.
June Birthstone helps with skin diseases including leprosy, moreover, Alexandrite cures the problems with the spleen and pancreas.
To those who wear June Birthstone jewelry, should closely monitor how often Alexandrite changes its color – fixed «mutations» may indicate a sudden change in blood sugar levels, as a precursor to diabetes.
You need carefully watch for the color of Alexandrite, because you can learn how to prevent emotional breakdowns. June Birthstone, in general, helps to relieve stress and gaining peace of mind.