Birthstone Colors

Birthstone Colors – With the exception of diamond, most Birthstones like ruby, sapphire, emerald, spinel, etc., are prized largely on account of the beautiful colors which they display.

Birthstone Colors by Month:

  • January Birthstone Color is «Red»;
  • February Birthstone Color is «Purple»;
  • March Birthstone Color is «Pale-Blue»;
  • April Birthstone Color is «White (Colorless)»;
  • May Birthstone Color is «Green»;
  • June Birthstone Color is «Grey»;
  • July Birthstone Color is «Red»;
  • August Birthstone Color is «Pale-Green»;
  • September Birthstone Color is «Deep-Blue»;
  • October Birthstone Color is «Pink (Multicolor)»;
  • November Birthstone Color is «Yellow»;
  • December Birthstone Color is «Purple (Violet)»;

The quality of Birthstone colors is a most uncertain means of identifying cut Birthstones, as it usually happens that a whole range of tints is shown by specimens of one and the same stone, whilst. specimens of different stones are often so similar in color that it is impossible for any but the most practiced eye to distinguish them.

This fact is impressed forcibly on anyone who inspects for the first time a series similar to that exhibited in the Horseshoe Case.

Of the substances which cause the tints in Birthstones, very little is yet known, a circumstance which is due partly to the very small amounts in which they are present in the specimens, and the consequent difficulty in detecting them by chemical methods, and partly to the high cost of the material necessary for such analysis.

The coloring matters, or pigments, are distributed throughout the mass in a homogeneous manner and are in such a fine state of division that they cannot be detected by the most powerful microscope.

Some have supposed that the pigments and the stone form a solid solution, others that it is merely a case of mechanical mixture, whilst the Viennese mineralogist, Doelter, who has given much attention to this subject, has suggested that in some cases the pigment may be in the colloidal state.

In this way he explained the alteration which often takes place in the color of a Birthstone when it is subjected to heat or other agencies, e.g., radium emanations. Such agencies might possibly convert the colloidal pigment into a crystalline one which would possess a different Birthstone colors. An example of this is yellow topaz which, on being heated, assumes a beautiful pink shade.

Doelter has also examined the behavior of many gemstones towards the emanations of radium and has discovered a number of interesting facts which have, however, not yet been completely explained.

Thus he found that a yellow diamond remained unaltered; a brown diamond was tinged with violet; smoky quartz of pale-brown color, was colored very dark-brown; wine-yellow topaz was colored dark-orange a blue sapphire was colored brown; emerald was practically unaltered, as also was ruby.

In Case 0 will be found a sapphire which, originally colorless, has been tinged with brown by exposure to radium emanations. It may be remarked that this specimen has become much paler during its sojourn in the case. As a result of his study of the influence exerted by heat and radium emanations on the Birthstone colors of minerals.

Doelter has divided the pigments of Birthstone Colors into two classes:

  • (a) stable pigments which are present in ruby, diamond and deeply. Colored sapphires, and which are almost insensitive to heat and to radium-emanations;
  • (b) H labile” pigments, which are present in pale sapphires, smoky quartz, fluorspar, topaz, zircon, etc., which are altered in some way by heat and radium emanations.

He found that, when such Birthstones were decolorized by heat, exposure to radium usually imparted the original color to the stone. The whole subject is yet in its infancy and for more information the student should consult «Das Radium und die Farben» by Professor O. Doelter, in which a compact summary is given of the results so far obtained.

An interesting point about several colored, doubly refracting Birthstones is that they show distinctly different colors according’ to the direction in which they are viewed.

This phenomenon is called dichroism, and is well seen in such a mineral as green tourmaline which appears almost black when viewed along the prism edge, whilst across the prism edge it appears Light-green. In many cases, however, the dichroism is so feeble that it cannot be observed by the naked eye, and an instrument called a «dichroscope» is then utilized.

On looking at the sky through the instrument we see two images of the slit owing to the double refraction of the calcite. When a dichroic stone is placed in front of the slit, and either the instrument or the stone is rotated, the following facts may he observed. In four positions at 900 from each other, the images of the slit are identical in Birthstone colors, but if the rotation from any such position is continued, a difference in Birthstone colors can be noted which reaches a maximum at 450; the difference then decreases until the next position at which identity of tint occurs is reached, and so on, until the rotation is completed.

Dichroism is due to double refraction and is never observed in singly refracting .stones like garnet and spinel, nor in any colored glass. Colored, doubly refracting stones are sometimes so feebly dichroic that no difference in the tints of the images can be observed, whilst dichroic stones do not exhibit the property if they are viewed along an optic axis.

To eliminate errors arising from this latter fact one should always examine the stone in several directions. It is therefore clear that, whilst presence of dichroism is a sure indication that the specimen is doubly refracting, absence of it does not, imply that a stone is singly refracting.

The following is a list of the dichroic Birthstone Colors:

Birthstone Colors Colors seen in Dichroscope
Ruby red pale, yellowish-red  deep-red
Sapphire blue pale, greenish-blue  deep-blue
Oriental Amethyst purple almost colorless  violet
Emerald green green  brown
Aquamarine bluish-green pale, yellowish-green  pale-blue
Emerald green yellowish-green  blush-green
Alexandrite green  yellow to red
Topaz yellow pale-pink or colorless  yellow
pink pale-yellow or colorless  pinkish-red
blue colorless  blue
Tourmaline green pale-green  dark-green
red pink  dark-red
blue pale-blue  dark-blue
brown yellowish-brown  dark-brown
Epidote yellowish-green  deep-brown
Andalusite green or brown green or yellowish-green  brownish-red
Sphene brownish-yellow greenish-yellow  reddish-yellow
Cordierite blue yellowish-grey  deep-blue
Aksinite brown blue  brown to yellowish-green
Smoky Quartz pale-yellow  yellowish-brown
Amethyst purple pale-pink to colorless  deep-purple
Kunzite pink or lilac pale-purple to yellow  purple to pink
Hiddenite green pale-green  dark-green
Chrysolite yellowish-green  green
Kyanite blue pale-blue  dark-blue
Enclase pale green pale-green to colorless  green
Turquoise Turquoise whitish-blue to yellowish-brown  deep-blue
Zircon red, orange, yellow, brown red, orange, yellow, brown  deep-yellow
Citrine yellow yellow to yellow-purple  brown to yellow
Moonstone blue, orange, brown, green blue to colorless  blue to green
Bloodstone green+red green+red to blue+red  blue to green
Black Diamonds black black  black
Garnet any color except blue any color except blue  any color except blue


End of Birthstone Colors List

Birthstone Chart


Birthstone chart – At different times and by different authors were compiled many birthstone charts. Each chart of birthstones, presented here, was taken from various ancient sources by George Frederick Kunz in his work entitled «Curious Lore of Precious Stones».

Below are the most interesting birthstone charts.

Birthstone chart by different centuries & religions:

Month Jews Romans Isidore Bishop of Seville Arabians Poles Russians Italians 15th to 20th Century
January Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet Garnet
February Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst
March Jasper Bloodstone Jasper Bloodstone Bloodstone Jasper Jasper Jasper
April Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Diamond Sapphire Sapphire Diamond
May Chalcedony
Agate Agate Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate Emerald
June Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate
Emerald Cat’s Eye
July Onyx Onyx Jasper Onyx Ruby Ruby
Onyx Turquoise
August Carnelian Carnelian Carnelian Sardonyx Sardonyx Alexandrite Carnelian Sardonyx
September Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Chrysolite
October Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Aquamarine Beryl Beryl Beryl
November Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz
December Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby Turquoise Turquoise
Ruby Ruby


Now we can confidently say that there were a great many charts of birthstones that somehow different from each other, but all these charts originate from the list of the foundation stones of which was given in Revelation (XXI, 19) or in Exodus (XXXIX, 10-13), as an example of Aaron’s breast pearls.

Birthstone chart from Authorized Version of the Scriptures:

Breastplate Foundation Stones
Authorized Version Later Correction Authorized Version
I Sardius Carnelian Jasper
II Topaz Chrysolite (Peridot) Sapphire
III Carbuncle Emerald Chalcedony
IV Emerald Ruby Emerald
V Sapphire Lapis-lazuli Sardonyx
VI Diamond Onyx Sardius
VII Ligure Sapphire Chrysolite
VIII Agate Agate Beryl
IX Amethyst Amethyst Topaz
X Beryl Topaz Chrysoprasus
XI Onyx Beryl Jacinth
XII Jasper Jasper Amethyst

Check Gemstone Identification chart Here

U.S. birthstone chart and places where these birthstones were found:

Month Birthstone Where where found
January Garnet, Rhodolite Montana, New Mexico, Arizona, North Carolina
February Amethyst North Carolina, Georgia, Virginia
March Californite California
April Sapphire Montana, Idaho
May Green tourmaline Lake Superior
June Moss-agate California, Montana, Wyoming, Arizona
July Turquoise New Mexico, California, Arizona
August Golden beryl California, Connecticut, North Carolina
September Kunzite California
October Aquamarine North Carolina, Maine, California
November Topaz Utah, California, Maine
December Rubellite Montana


Birthstone Chart by the seasons:

Birthstones of Summer Birthstones of Autumn Birthstones of Winter Birthstones of Spring
Zircon Hyacinth Diamond Amethyst
Garnet (Demantoid and Ouvarite) Topaz Rock-crystal Green Diamond
Chrysoberyl (alexandrite) Spinel Sapphire White Sapphire Chrysoberyl
Pink Topaz Jacinth Turquoise Spinel (Rubicelle)
Ruby Cairngorm Quartz Pink Topaz
Tire Opal Adamantine Spar Moonstone Olivine (Peridot)
Tourmaline Pearls Emerald
Oriental chrysolite Labradorite


*Hindu Birthstone Chart:

Month Birthstone
January Serpent-stone
February Chandrakanta
March The gold Siva-linga
April Diamond
May Emerald
June Pearls
July Sapphire
August Ruby
September Zircon
October Coral
November Cat’s-eye
December Topaz

*Surindro Mohun Tagore, Mani Mala, Pt. II, Calcutta, 1881, pp. 619, 621

Day of the week Birthstone chart:

Day of the week Birthstone
Monday Moonstone
Tuesday Star Sapphire
Wednesday Star Ruby
Thursday Cat’s-eye
Friday Alexandrite
Saturday Labradorite
Sunday Sunstone


Old Spanish Birthstone chart of gems & zodiac signs:

Zodiac Sign Birthstone
Aries Crystal
Taurus Ruby & Diamond
Gemini Sapphire
Cancer Agate & Beryl
Leo Topaz
Virgo Magnet
Libra Jasper
Scorpio Garnet
Sagittarius Emerald
Capricorn Chalcedony
Aquarius Amethyst
Pisces Tanzanite


Birthstone chart of gems & planets:

Planet Birthstone
Saturn Sapphire
Jupiter Jacinth
Sun Diamond
Mars Ruby
Venus Emerald
Mercury Agate
Moon Selenite


Fixed stars associated with gems Birthstone Chart:

Birthstone Fixed Star
Diamond Caput Algol 18° of Taurus
Crystal The Pleiades 24° of Taurus
Ruby & Carbuncle Aldebaran 3° of Gemini; also the Hyades
Sapphire The Goat 15° of Gemini
Beryl Sirius 10° of Cancer
Garnet Heart of Lion 23° of Leo
Magnet Tail of the Great Bear 8° of Scorpio; also the Pole Star
Topaz Eight and left wing of Raven 8° of Libra
Emerald & Jasper Spic a Virgin is 17° of Libra
Amethyst Scorpion 3° of Sagittarius
Chrysolite Tortoise 8° of Capricorn
Chalcedony Tail of Capricorn 15° of Aquarius
Jacinth Shoulder of Equis Major 18° of Pisces
Pearl Umbilicus Andromeda 20° of Aries
Sardonyx Topaz


In France and England in the 18th century, jewelry from birthstones, such as rings, bracelets, brooches, necklaces, inlaid with gems, the first letters of which combined together expressed a motto or a mood.

Below is a birthstone chart by the mood:

Mood Birthstone or GEM
FAITH Fire-opal, Feldspar, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Iolite, Idocrase, Tourmaline, Topaz, Hyacinth, Heliotrope
HOPE Hyacinth, Hematite, Opal, Olivine, Pearl, Pyrope, Emerald, Essonite
CHARITY Cat’s-eye, Carbuncle, Hyacinth, Hematite, Aquamarine, Amethyst, Ruby, Rose quartz, Iolite, Idocrase, Tourmaline, Topaz
GOOD LUCK Golden beryl, Garnet, Opal, Onyx, Olivine, Obsidian, Diamond, Dendrite, Lapis-lazuli, Labradorite, Uralian emerald, Unio pearl, Cat’s-eye, Carnelian, Kunzite, Krokidolite
FOREVER Fire-opal, Fleches d’amour, Opal, Onyx, Ruby, Rutile, Emerald, Essonite, Vermeille, Verd antique, Essonite, Epidote, Rubellite, Rose quartz
REGARD Ruby, Rubellite, Emerald, Essonite, Garnet, Garnet, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Ruby, Rock-crystal, Diamond, Demantcid
ZES Zircon, Zonochlorite, Emerald, Essonite, Sapphire, Sard
MIZPAH Moonstone, Moldavite, Indicolite, Idocrase, Zircon, Zonochlorite, Peridot, Pyrope, Asteria, Aquamarine, Hyacinth, Hematite
FRIENDSHIP Fleches d’amour Feldspar, Ruby, Rock crystal, Indicolite, Idocrase, Emerald, Epidote, Nephrite, Nicolo, Diamond, Diopside, Sapphire, Sard, Hyacinth, Hematite, Iolite, Idocrase, Pearl, Pyrite
DEAREST Diamond, Demantoid, Emerald, Essonite, Alexandrite, Amethyst, Ruby, Rubellite, Essonite, Epidote, Sapphire, Spinel, Turquoise, Topaz
SOUVENIR Sapphire, Sunstone, Opal, Onyx, Uralian emerald, Utahlite, Vermeille, Verd antique, Emerald, Epidote, Nephrite, Nephrite, Iolite, Indicolite, Ruby, Rock-crystal
BONHEUR Beryl, Bloodstone, Opal, Onyx, Nephrite, Nephrite, Hyacinth, Hematite, Emerald, Essonite, Uralian emerald, Utahlite, Ruby, Rhodonite
AMITIE Alexandrite, Almandine, Moonstone, Moonstone, Indicolite, Indicolite, Tourmaline, Topaz, Idocrase, Idocrase, Emerald, Essonite
LOVE ME Lapis-lazuli, Labrador spar, Opal, Onyx, Vermeille, Verd antique, Emerald, Essonite, Moonstone, Essonite, Epidote
AEI Alexandrite, Almandine, Emerald, Essonite, Indicolite, Idocrase

Source Collected from:





Birthstone Jewelry


Jewelry made of precious stones have always adorned their owners, whether man, woman, husband, wife, son, daughter, mom, dad, or grandparent, girlfriend or boyfriend.

Birthstone Jewelry will emphasize individuality of its owner and show it to as connoisseurs of fashion jewelry in the other’s eyes.

There is a huge variety of jewelry from the birthstones such as rings , pendants , earrings, necklaces and so on. Birthstones Online will help realize your choice of birthstone jewelry by providing interesting information about the origin of jewelry for every birthstone.

Birthstones Online is not an on-line store, but rather is an information resource, providing information about the birthstones, its healing and mystical properties, origin, stories, legends, and so on.

Here you can learn the history of the origin of the Birthstone Jewelry for each month.


January Birthstone Jewelry: Garnet Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

January Birthstone Jewelry: Garnet used in the manufacture of various jewelry during the time of the Scythians. Name of a stone because of its resemblance to the color of the color of fruit pomegranate seeds derived from the Latin word «granatus».

Garnet was also known in ancient Persia. In this country, the pomegranate is considered «royal stone». Vintage wizard picked up the largest specimens of rocks and carved on its surface images rulers.

Garnet always highly prized as a stone for making jewelry. This assessment has steadily increase, making the garnet and its variants have surpassed all recognized by jewelers value minerals such as opal and alexandrite, at the beginning of the XX century.


February Birthstone Jewelry: Amethyst Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

February Birthstone Jewelry: In China, of light amethyst cut bottles and small boxes. In ancient Greece and Rome were cut amethyst gems, seals and small parts.

In the Middle Ages amethyst highly prized in the East and in Europe, where it is considered preferable for jewelry items and clothing ecclesiastical priests.

When ordained to the rank of cardinal devoted were handed ring with amethyst, why in the Catholic countriesof stone called episcopal, pastoral, and the Bishops in Russia.


March Birthstone Jewelry: Aquamarine Ring. Credits to fotomormor @ Flickr

March Birthstone Jewelry: Azure color in combination with a fresh touch of aqua gives jewelry a special glamor and elegance.

In the ancient world, aquamarine, as well as from other varieties of beryl, used to cut lenses for those who can’t see, of course, made jewelry and inlays of this stone.

Aquamarine today – almost one of the most popular gemstones that are actively used not only in the inserts in different jewelry – earrings, pendants, necklaces, rings, etc. – but also to create an exclusive sculptures.


April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond Ring

April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond Ring. Credits to Alissa S. @ Flickr

April Birthstone Jewelry: Diamond jewelry – the standard of prestige, luxury and well-being. Diamond jewelry made of gold is extremely highly valued not only because of the high cost of materials, but also the fact that often are true works of jewelry.

Talented hands of masters, combining two great jewelry: diamonds and gold, create rare instances, to serve and beautiful decorations and be exposed in the famous national treasuries.

History of Diamonds already more than a thousand years. Brilliants – it diamonds, polished artificial means to determine their maximum brightness.

Diamond has a unique ability: inside the stone passage occurs repeatedly and double refraction of light, which gives it an incredible sparkling shine and makes rainbow colors play.


May Birthstone Jewelry: Bracelet with Emeralds & Diamonds. Credits to gemteck1 @ Flickr

May Birthstone Jewelry: In ancient times, emeralds highly valued rulers of India. It is believed, that the builder of the Taj Mahal, the famous Sultan Shah Yahan wore emeralds as a mascot, they were depicted scriptures.

In ancient Egyptian, emerald jewelry also enjoyed great popularity. And a huge number of people want to jewelry with emeralds after their death put in their tomb.

In the old times, emerald considered powerful tool to help in the treatment of, as well as protecting against snakebites and animals.


June Birthstone Jewelry: Necklace of pearls. Credits to Mauro Cateb @ Flickr

June Birthstone Jewelry: Perhaps not everyone knows that pearls – the first known people of jewelry . For tens of millennia BC prehistoric man in search of food accidentally found on the coast of something beautiful hidden inside the shell.

Jewelry made of pearls emphasize the high social status of their owners, standing out against the background of other decorations. The most common jewelry – beads, necklaces, necklaces.

Often this material is used in jewelry and other types. For example, the rings and earrings. Put in silver and gold earrings, it will look great and will undoubtedly attract to itself many admiring glances.


July Birthstone Jewelry: Ruby earrings. Credits to GlitzUK @ Flickr

July Birthstone Jewelry: For millennia, the ruby  is considered one of the most valuable and most expensive gemstones. In the Indian tribes called him «the leader of gems», but for the color saturation was considered dragon’s blood, blessed with magical powers.

In the Indian representations jewelry with rubies is recommended to wear after stroke, blood diseases, insomnia, diseases of the joints and spine.


August Birthstone Jewelry: Peridot Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

August Birthstone Jewelry: Chrysolites in jewelry often called «olivine» or «peridot».

Historically, the most famous deposits of peridot are in Egypt Zebirget island in the Red Sea.

The history of their development of more than 3500 years. Peridot is mined along with other precious stones in Burma and Brazil.


September Birthstone Jewelry: Sapphire Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

September Birthstone Jewelry: There is nothing that can elevate a woman’s beauty, make her chaste and regal and majestic as jewelry with sapphires.

This is not surprising, since ancient times it is known that the royal stone – sapphire power over everything, it was believed that this great jewel piercing blue and bright glare has incredible heavenly power.

Earlier, people claimed that the sky – it’s a huge giant sapphire gem and associated cerulean with the divine and sacred miracle guardian of chastity, purity and eternal truth.


October Birthstone Jewelry: Opal Necklace. Credits to Rach @ Flickr

October Birthstone Jewelry: Opal has a long history as a gemstone. In different cultures Opal had its purpose. The ancient Greeks thought that opals give their owners the ability of foresight and prophecy, and the Romans saw him as a sign of hope and purity.

In the jewelry business is mainly used precious opal. Precious opal can be the following colors: white, black, pink, blue.

Special love for opals showed Queen Victoria. She and her daughter entered the fashion of wearing opals.


November Birthstone Jewelry: Topaz Ring. Credits to Paul the jewelry artist @ Flickr

November Birthstone Jewelry: Topaz – one of the oldest stones known to mankind. Today, yellow topaz is mainly used in jewelry for making decorative ornaments, but in ancient times as well, and now, this gem is highly prized because of its mystical and healing properties.

Topaz jewelry can be easily treated, so among the many forms and facets, you can always find one that you like.


December Birthstone Jewelry: Turquoise Ring. Credits to Quinn Dombrowski @ Flickr

December Birthstone Jewelry: Turquoise jewelry has long been popular among kings, emperors, warriors, strong people. Preserved many ornaments with this mineral that our ancestors wore. Turquoise placed on the hilt of the sword, were made of her necklaces, pendants, bracelets and other jewelry.

Admiring turquoise in the morning improves vision, say the sages ! So proud contemplation donated lover ‘s ring or turquoise rings will not only delight for the soul, but his eyes adjust to the desired mood, relieve fatigue and stress make you the happiest man on earth!

There are also:

  • Birthstone Jewelry for mom
  • Birthstone Jewelry for grandmothers
  • Family Birthstone Jewelry

December Birthstone Zircon

December Birthstone Zircon – The name of the stone comes from the Persian word «zargun» – gold color. Colors of stone are different: yellow, brown, red, orange, blue, colorless and even black. December Birthstone Zircon is so diverse that it is often confused with other precious stones. Transparent zircons for sophistication shine compete with diamonds.

Contrary to popular belief, this mineral is the natural origin, synthetic analogues do not exist. Diamond simulant – phianites – its structure is not similar to the zircons, so you can not draw parallels.

Some people believe that the December Birthstone zircon is so unsophisticated that you can compare it with a simple colored glass. However, this stone is found in ancient times, when the technology did not have time to step widely.

Read also about: Tanzanite, Turquoise & Sagittarius Birthstone


December Birthstone Zircon – stone, which at first glance everybody knows, because it is found in jewelry at a rapid pace. Thanks to a wide range of colors (zircons are colorless, and green, and red, and golden yellow, and blue, and even black) and the ability to change color from brown to blue, yellow or transparent when heated, zircon very often serves as a companion other precious stones, and is used as an imitation of the more expensive gems such as rubies, emeralds and diamonds.

There was even a misconception that December Birthstone zircon is not a gem, and cultured crystals, almost a piece of colored glass, while actually zircons known to mankind since ancient times, and the probability of finding artificial zircon is extremely low – this mineral is widely distributed.

In those days, the stones were brought from Ceylon – there is still extracted zircons of the highest quality, especially prized blue minerals, which are extremely rare.

Until IV century AD, this stone was little known, but then Bishop Epiphanius, decided that such a beautiful gem is worthy of attention, and called his twelve stones of the breastplate of the high priest in the Bible, replacing them ligurion (carnelian or amber).

The most famous variety of December Birthstone zircon – hyacinth, what word designated all red-brown or yellow- red and purple- orange December Birthstone zircon, blue December Birthstone zircon called starlitami, colorless – Mathur, diamonds, lemon yellow and smoky – jargons.

December Birthstone Zircon, generally, unique gem, because different color stones have a wide scatter of values of density and refractive, its external and internal quality, richness of coloring he deserves to occupy one of the highest places in the hierarchy of gems.


December Birthstone Zircon

December Birthstone Zircon – zirconium silicate.

Mohs hardness: from 7.0 to 8.0;

The density: from 3,9 to 4,7 g/cm³, glitter diamond.

Other names: Hyacinth, Yakinta, steel, hyacinth, jargon, Ceylon jargon.


December Birthstone Zircon is mined in Australia, Brazil, Russia, Norway, Sri Lanka, Madagascar.


EnergeticallyDecember Birthstone  zircon associated with parietal chakra and solar plexus chakra Manipur.

To Aquarians it is necessary to wear are golden, colorless or blue December Birthstone as a pendant , pendants, necklaces and beads – it helps them to develop intuition, analytical thinking and prudence in business.

Aries, whose red-brown, gold and orange December Birthstone makes more subtle and sensitive, ring with zircon should be worn on the middle finger of his left hand.

All other signs of the zodiac, besides Pisces, it is necessary to wear pendants or rings with zircons, which is put on the little finger or ring finger.

To Capricorn is more suited blue and brown gemstones.


Multi colors of December Birthstone are red, orange, yellow, brown. If transparent mineral heat-treated, it becomes bright turquoise «starlit». Considering December Birthstone, you can be sure that the play of light in it is very similar to a diamond. Stones browns anciently called «jargon».

December Birthstone Zircon – stone, easily rivaling many gems. Pale excellent mimic diamonds. A color stones of green grass and blue-green so bright that other minerals difficult to compete with them in the unusual.

Vivid red zircons look luxurious. Catchy yellow- golden hue not found in other gems.


In ancient times believed that December Birthstone in the literal sense of the word is a panacea.

It is able to clean the whole body of toxins, stimulates the liver, has a positive effect on the pineal and pituitary glands, rejuvenates the body and prevents premature aging cures thyroid problems.

Yellow December Birthstones help with constipation, decreased gastric secretion, protect against nightmares, improve appetite and quench your thirst.

Hyacinths treat insomnia, nervous disorders and stress, useful in diseases of the spleen, stop nosebleeds, women hinder the growth of hair on the hidden parts of the body and unwanted conception.

The same effect has red zirconia when putting it into the abdomen of 2-3 hours a day for 10 days.

Blue December Birthstone is used in the treatment of obesity and metabolic disorders, problems with vision.

Black December Birthstones help with colds, pneumonia, tonsillitis, bronchitis and other lung diseases caused by hypothermia.

Pale and yellow December Birthstones easier for coronary heart disease.


The Properties of December Birthstone are shrouded by mystical haze. In Europe, has long believed that wearing zircon, for example, will be saved from a lightning strike, or that if worn with a large zircon, you’ll be all set for the night time.

In the Middle Ages, December Birthstone zircon was one of the essential components of medicinal potions, which still called «Hyacinth compositions» – that medicine is a mixture of different precious stones were treated in 1534, Pope Clement VII.

In India, December Birthstone called «the younger brother of the diamond», it was revered practitioners of yoga. It was believed that it is the natural hub of bioenergy and awakens bears his supernatural powers.

In Russia December Birthstone found another, no less important subsistence – it was the most basic merchant mascot promoting the accumulation of wealth.

Today, December Birthstone zircon – a favorite material for the jeweler, he made all sorts of jewelry for women and men, is a great inexpensive gift that is for external quality, durability and density is not inferior to the most famous gems, as to distinguished December Birthstone zircon from gemstone first category, is only capable of eye professional.

December Birthstone Zircon, generally, has a pronounced male Yang energy – more often it shows the stronger sex , makes women confident and independent, it is perfectly suited for business-woman who used to rely only on ourselves – it will give her credibility in the eyes male counterparts.

Jewelry with December Birthstones – extraordinary strength cash charms, especially if they speak for good luck. This is the perfect companion for businessmen – ring with zircon yellow, red, green, brown or orange it is necessary to carry in the transaction, not to take the wrong decision and carry out the operation with maximum benefit for themselves.

Sometimes, December Birthstone zircon even called «stone of mafia» – it is useful for any secret organizations, it helps the owner to withhold information from others, is its owner, regardless of his moral qualities.

At the same time, helping to reveal everything about a particular situation, December Birthstone zircon is the mascot for judges, prosecutors, and forensic detectives, all of whose work involves exposing frauds.

Colorless December Birthstone zircon is used for internal disclosure abilities, develops intuition until clairvoyance and clairaudience, clarifies thoughts and gives a penchant for science – is assistant scientists and researchers, the Theosophical philosophers.

In the journey or at the approach of danger to protect red or orange December Birthstone zircon.

Blue Stone also helps in matters of the heart – gives confidence, increases the attractiveness of treats for unrequited love, and if you need to enhance sexual performance, then you need wear orange December Birthstone zircon.

December Birthstone Tanzanite

ecember Birthstone – December Birthstone Tanzanite an «African sapphire» – a relatively new stone in the jewelry market. But despite this, it was already well known and very popular all over the world.

December Birthstone Tanzanite jewelry a very highly sought after and are an indicator of wealth and good taste.

December Birthstone Tanzanite, differing amazing beauty at the same time extremely fragile – it has perfect cleavage and requires the greatest solicitude when cut and no tie. One incorrectly calculated effort – and crumble gem pile of debris.

Read also about: Zircon, Turquoise & Sagittarius Birthstone


Africa – the most ancient and mysterious continent that has not yet discovered all of their secrets.

Nowhere in the jungle are not adjacent to the snow capped mountains, the dry savannah – with nesting penguins, wild rivers – the dead deserts …

Semi-precious wealth of Africa seems endless – Kimberley diamonds, emeralds and sapphires are welcome in the most famous jewelry shops around the world.

And it has from here come into the world a new and surprisingly beautiful gem – «African Diamond» December Birthstone Tanzanite.


December Birthstone Tanzanite

December Birthstone Tanzanite. Credits to First Last @ Flickr

The discovery of December Birthstone was as random and spontaneous, like a tropical downpour – in 1967, the shepherds found the Masai tribe in Africa at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania burnt clearing – the fire, along with grass and trees ate the top layer of soil, exposing transparent stones violet-purple color.

One of the warriors of the tribe brought a December Birthstone weighing 10 carats (2 kg) in the office of Manuel De Douša responsible for supplying rubies.

The first discovery of December Birthstone in general took over a piece of glass, then considered a sapphire … However, after careful examination of experts agreed on what they see in front of a brand new gem variety of Zoisite – another African gem, little used in jewelry.

Famous American jeweler Tiffany & Co quickly became interested in the «Blue Zoisite» – that is where the December Birthstone gets its name, derived from a single field in the world, situated on a plateau Merelani in northern Tanzania.

The first collection of Tiffany appeared in the 70’s of the last century – the emergence of a new December Birthstone which coincided with the arisen fashion for ethnic African.

For a long time, December Birthstone Tanzanite has remained relatively inexpensive substitute for blue sapphires, however, gradually rising price on it – December Birthstone was promoted by a competent trade policy aimed at underlining the rarity of the gem , the formation deficit jewelry with «African sapphire».

Thus, the demand began to exceed supply, and at the moment the price of December Birthstone Tanzanite caught up with real sapphires, with growth rates are huge – up to 25 % per year, while the stone is in the top five best-selling gems in the world.

The largest December Birthstone was discovered in 2005 – his weight was 16 839 carats , or more than 3 kg. Stone was named Mawenzi as the second highest peak of Kilimanjaro. Its cost still not appreciated.


December Birthstone Tanzanite – Another name for the mineral – blue Zoisite. Blue and purple colors are due to impurity ions of chromium and vanadium. Crystals – transparent. Gloss – glass.

Mohs Hardness: from 6.5 to 7.0

The Density: from 3.1 to 3.5 g/cm3, perfect cleavage.


December Birthstone Tanzanite birthplace is considered to be the of East Africa. In 1967, near Mount Kilimanjaro Ali Dzhuyavati of the local tribe was first discovered December Birthstone.

Since then, December Birthstone has been recognized as the embodiment of a mysterious and attractive in Africa, has a rare beauty and extreme exclusivity.

In fact, the rarity of December Birthstone Tanzanite – not a marketing ploy, because the small Tanzanian counterparts deposit have been identified, and existing reserves are gradually being depleted.

December Birthstone makes collectors and connoisseurs of jewelry around the world seek to acquire the stone, which will soon become a rarity.


December Birthstone recommended most people watermarks and Aries. Latest will get from composure and chastity the Tanzanite.


December Birthstone Color can’t be described in one word, because this gem has an «alexandrite» effect – changes color depending on the angle of view, being in fact the tricolor.

The bright blue cloudless sky, lilac purple southern nights , brown- yellow savannah, bright green palm leaf greens, golden sun – Africa itself is reflected in the faces of this amazing mineral.

Blue and purple are the main hues only those stones that are found on the surface of the earth – this kind of «tan» December Birthstone Tanzanite acquires, roasting in the scorching rays of the equatorial sun.

However, the December Birthstones mined in the traditional way, initially have a brown or green shades , so most Tanzanite is subjected to heat treatment.

December Birthstone Tanzanite – the soul of Africa, only when heated to 600 º C mineral that gets the hottest blue- purple with purple glow of color.

The most expensive royal December Birthstone, which in daylight 80 % of the primary color is a deep blue color, the remaining 20 % is purple.

Under artificial light an electric lamp December Birthstone Tanzanite looks different – streaked red-purple color.


Medicinal properties of December Birthstone are not fully known, but found a lot of useful to human qualities. Stone is indispensable for those whose work is related to the load on the eye – it strengthens the vision and relieves nervous tension, especially useful while peering intently into a mineral – a stone like a pull fatigue.

It is believed that December Birthstone helps get rid of colds , reduces fever and fever. In some countries it is used to treat skin diseases – the product of December Birthstone improves the complexion, relieve acne and teen acne. Assume that Tanzania suitable for treating diseases of the spine. Tanzanite energy associated with the frontal chakra.


The tricolor glitter of December Birthstone Tanzanite symbolically reflected in the spheres of influence of the stone. December Birthstone Tanzanite – a symbol of love and luxury. In America and Europe, it is considered a universal talisman, attracting both two of the most popular and desirable things – material wealth and happy family life.

Success in business matters brought brooches and pendants with Tanzanite ring helps business successfully sell goods.

Women with a December Birthstone Tanzanite ring will help to attract the attention of the opposite sex, and earrings will enhance sensuality, charm and strengthen women’s sexuality.


Tanzanite – talisman for couples, it is recommended to present at the 24th anniversary of the wedding as a happy sign of the unbreakable union. At the same time December Birthstone Tanzanite is a third party – it enhances spirituality, stabilizes the aura that evokes clairvoyant abilities and helps in understanding the mysteries of Being.


Tanzanite jewelry, especially prized because of stocks of this stone is left on Earth for more than ten years. It is this reason makes the collectors all over the world to buy December Birthstone, which soon will be a unique and rare.

It is not inferior to the cost of many gems, including the luxurious diamond. After all, it combines extraordinary color palette and the highest geological indicators.

Excellent quality, amazing features and unique December Birthstone Tanzanite are the reasons for which the most discriminating buyers choose this gem.

In addition, December Birthstone Tanzanite jewelry fashion meets the last years: fashion houses today are in search of non-traditional materials and colors. Earrings, pendant, brooch, ring from December Birthstone Tanzanite are signs of high style, luxury and charm attached to its owner.

December Birthstone Turquoise

Turquoise is the birthstone for December — «The Turkey Stone (Turquoise) is a very hard gem of no transparency, yet full of beauty, as given the grace of its color in a sky color out of a green, in the which may be imagine a little milkish perfusion.

Indico (from Lat. «Indian») will give the perfect color of it, and

Turquoise is called in Latin «Turchus» (Turchicus, Turchina, Turchesia, Turchoys); Pliny (

It has its name «Turcicius», either because of its excellent beauty, of because it is brought from the Turks, says Baccius (

Non-transparent Turquoises, and wholly shadowed gems admit of no foils, therefore nothing concerning them must be expected. The Turquoise is throughout of the same beauty, as well internally as externally; it wants no help of tincture to set in off in grace, the constancy of its own beauty without any external help is the support of it, and beareth it up against all defects.

Turquoise is an excellent gem of most simple substance, in every part like itself, most pure in color, and without spot, and the constancy of its beauty is sufficient commendation for itself.

Its luster is dull or waxy, and its colors are, variously, sky-blue, greenish-blue, occasionally apple-green, and sometimes yellowish. This is the genuine or Oriental Turquoise. It is found on small gangs of bog-ore, in silicious shiste, in boulders, etc».

Read also about:


December Birthstone Turquoise

December Birthstone Turquoise. Credits to Koray

The Turquoise has been employed as a medicine—probably under the impulse of the same notions, which are embodied in the following extract from Nicols, with which we close:

Many strange things beyond faith are reported concerning the verities of Turquoise, which nothing but excess of faith can believe.

As that if Turquoise be worn in a ring of gold it will preserve men from falls, and from the bruises proceeding of them, by receiving that harm into itself which otherwise would fall upon the man: yet these verities are said not to be in this gem except the gem be received of gift.

It is likewise said to take away all enmity and to reconcile man and wife.

Rueus says that he saw a Turehoys which upon the death of its muster lest all its beauty and contracted a cleft, which a certain man afterwards buying at an under price returners again to its former glory and beauty, as if says he, by a certain sense it had perceived itself to have found a new master.

The same author says of it, that it dose change, grow pale, and destitute of its native color, if he that wears it do at any time grow infirm or weak; and again upon the recovery of its muster, that it doth recover its own lovely beauty which arises of the temperament of its own natural heat, and becomes ceruleus like a serene heaven.

Turquoise is very delightful to the eye, and is thought much to strengthen the sight, because it does not by its over brightness too much dissipate the visive faculty, nor by its overmuch obscureness too much concentrate the visive faculty.

Baccius in Annotations faith that it is sweat as a gum out of a black stone in Persia, which the Indians call «Pcrose»; the true «Turchoys» is know by the change of its color; in the daytime it is excellently ceruleus or sky colored; at night time by candle light it is green.

Another way of trail of it is this, The lower part is sometimes black, from whence issue final veins which do insinuate themselves into the «supersicies».

A third way which is very much commended for this purpose, dissolve «calx» in water, when anoint the «supersicies» of gem with it, or put a little of this dissolve «calx» upon the «supersicies», and if upon this the «calx» receive a tincture, or color from the gem, this will shew that gem to be a very excellent «Turchoys».


The excellency of the color of Turquoise does set its price, and the breads of it does much enlarge the price.

It is of great esteem with Princes and much pleasure they take in its beauty; ant it being set in gold they wear in on their fingers.

The Mauritanians use it in physic and call it «Perizegi», or «Perozaa». Mesues uses in «in electuario de gemmis», as Garcias «ab horto» has observed.

Those Turquoises that are of the bigness of a silberd, and have an excellent color like unto a serene sky, and not at all obscured with any black veins, are sold for two hundred crowns a piece and more. The breads of the body of Turquoise does appoint the price. That which is of the exact color of «verdegrase», or like unto a serene sky, without any black veins, in excellent. (Anselm.Boet.p.137.c.17).


There is another stone called Turquoise—generally Occidental Turquoise—which Professor Nicols (Thomas Nicols, lived in XVII c.) treats as rather an imitation, than a genuine Turquoise. It is supposed to consist of fossil, antediluvian teeth, colored by hydrated copper-oxide or phosphate of iron.

«The principal localities of Turquoise are certain portions of Siberia and France. Turquoise color is light-blue, or dark-blue, or bluish-green. It is easily distinguished from the Oriental species by being internally foliated and streaked—a fact indicating a bony composition—and by its not taking so high a polish.

The blue specimens of Turquoise often turn pale or green with age, but their color may frequently be restored by scraping them and putting them in hot ashes, and then subjecting them to a new polish. MM. Duhamel and Guettard proved many years sago that the bones of animals could be colored by making them eat madder.

The Oriental Turquoise takes a fine polish and is so highly valued in the East, as an ornamental stone, that the Persian Shah retains the best specimens for his own use.

Both kinds are used for numerous purposes in Jewelry, such as for rings, brooches, etc., as also for mounting other precious gems.

The price of the Turquoise has greatly fallen within the last century. The Oriental is generally four times higher than that of the Occidental.

There is said to be a Jeweler in Moscow, who presses a Turquoise two inches long, formerly belonging to Nadir, the Shah of Persia, who wore it as an amulet. He values it at 5.000 rubles.

In the Museum of the Imperial Academy at Moscow is a Turquoise more than three inches long and one inch broad, And among the Imperial Treasures at Moscow is a throne covered with gold and studded with two thousands Turquoises».

November Birthstone Citrine

November Birthstone Citrine – Citrine (yellow crystal) – variety of quartz yellow mineral. The name of this mineral received from Latin citrus – lemon. This natural stone is presented the entire spectrum of yellow, from pale gold to bright orange.

Because of the similarity with topaz, November Birthstone citrine also called false topaz, Brazilian topaz. Madeira Citrine – a rare and surprisingly beautiful variety of natural stone bright orange color, which resembles an orange jelly or honey.

The most unusual is Ametrine (amethyst, citrine) – Stone combines sectors like amethyst and November Birthstone citrine.

Of natural stones used in jewelry, November Birthstone citrine has a strong place, as because of its color perfectly matches with gold. Used to manufacture earrings, necklaces and rings , as in the old days of doing it rings printing.

Read also about: Topaz & Scorpio Birthstone


Oh, Portugal – a country brave explorers and Cruel conquistadors, orange groves and sincere romance Fado!

Sultry, romantic and gorgeous – who has ever been in your arms at hot summer, he did not forget any waves licking the hot sand or burning eyes eyed charmer with a red flower in her hair.

He will not forget no sleepless nights under a huge moon or starlight playing with a glass of good wine … we, the children of the north and the fog never understand the spirit of the South, romantic smell the roses and jealousy that is in the curves of the narrow streets, though descended from the pages of romance, and perhaps help us in this cheap souvenirs that intended for «Turistas» – plastic castanets, roughly made straw toys and sets of cards ?

Oh no – here we need to find something really worthwhile, something that is part of the alluring world where everything is made of gold like: Sands and endless beaches, and the famous Madeira wine, golden-orange, like a kiss of the sun, forever imprinted in the title of the same name November birthstone, like the frozen breath of joy …


November Birthstone Citrine

November Birthstone Citrine. Credits to Longhairbroad @ Flickr

First, November Birthstone was sincerely considered as topaz – because it bright lemon-yellow or light orange tint so resembled the color of one of the varieties of this mineral, known since ancient times!

Despite the fact that the jewelry with November Birthstone citrine in ancient Rome and ancient Greece wore scientists and philosophers as talismans to ensure recognition and eloquence, self-titled yellow quartz didn’t have itself name.

Only in the mid-18th century, researcher Valerius identified a golden variety of quartz as a separate species – and it was not easy, because topaz and November Birthstone citrine often looks totally indistinguishable, and the difference lies only in hardness, density and weight, which are different from the large value of topaz.

Here was born the term «Madeira citrine» – so called the most rare and beautiful color of this stone, sunny orange, like a thick honey or orange jelly.

However, there are other citrines – lemon-yellow, fully justifying its designation that went from Latin «citreus» – lemon, or orange- brown, like a drop of amber resin. A most unusual kind November Birthstone citrine – amethyst, November Birthstone citrine or ametrine, bicolor polychrome stone, which, like watermelon tourmaline combines amethyst and citrine sectors.


November Birthstone Citrine – yellow variety of quartz.

Mohs Hardness: 7.0

The Density: 2.6 g/cm³, glitter glass, completely transparent.

Other names: yellow topaz, western topaz, Spanish topaz, false topaz, Bohemian topaz, Madeira.


Natural, natural November Birthstone is rare enough. Basically correct form crystals mined in Brazil and Madagascar, there is also a field in the United States, France, Spain, Scotland, Kazakhstan, Russia (Ural).


First of all, astrologers recommend November Birthstone to Gemini, Virgo and Leo. Citrine jewelry contraindicated to Taurus, Scorpio and Capricorn. Citrine match the Mercury planet.


Natural November Birthstone is dim, its color is not saturated, so often referred to as topaz stone. Bright natural citrine – a rarity in this connection, the stone juicy color is expensive. Crystal yellow-purple color also belongs to the family citrines and called Ametrine. This expensive stone used in the manufacture of luxury jewelry. Homeland best ametrinom – Bolivia. It is produced here bright crystals.

Alas, in nature yellow shades of transparent quartz are rare – that’s why most of November Birthstone in the Middle Ages was «born» in the form of other species of the same mineral family, and then transformed by craftsmen.

The method that was used in this case , would today be called a heat treatment – the fact that when heated to 300-400 º C smoky quartz and amethyst color change, turning … in citrines, as well as indicators of density and hardness with the transparent quartz are the same, then the result was absolutely similar November Birthstone citrine created in the golden color of Mother Nature.

The most unusual method was invented in Russia, the Urals – where large pieces of quartz baked in pastry, getting fashionable at the court of Catherine II, citrines, and in order to avoid fracture of the crystals were removed ready «bread» only after complete cooling.

For small stones existed another way: they were placed in a clay pot, thickly interspersed with ash and put in preheated oven overnight.

Interestingly, of the brown-brown rauch topaz gave pale yellow crystals bright November Birthstone citrine, amethyst of lavender-dark- orange with a reddish tint.


Even In the Middle Ages it was believed, that November Birthstone ring, worn at night , drives away nightmares and bad thoughts, soothes and provides a quiet night’s sleep.

In India, November Birthstone is an assistant in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Today lithotherapists Recommend November Birthstone citrine for general lifting physical body tone, strengthen memory and increase brain activity.

Headache November Birthstone citrine can also help facilitate the attack, besides the mascot with November Birthstone citrine shows children with speech defects.

Like its «relative» rauchtopaz, November Birthstone citrine is useful for those who want to get rid of drug addiction – but if the first is used in order to stop the use of intoxicating drugs, the latter helps in breaking a period of abstinence and does not give a person back to their previous occupation.


Energetically, November Birthstone – lucky stone and a positive attitude. He contributes to the normalization of relationships and friendships, as well as makes a man eloquent, persuasive and charming.

This is a mascot for politicians, public figures, people employed PR and public relations, that is, all those sort of activity is in constant contact with lots of people – they are most suitable pendant or a pendant with November Birthstone citrine.

Vulnerable and sensitive lemon quartz makes it more practical and rational calculation teaches healthy – it just needs them to gain self-confidence and composure.

November Birthstone Citrine also can benefit businessmen, especially early in the entrepreneurial path, if the project is fraught with excitement and risk – there will ring with a bright orange stone.

November Birthstone Citrine protects his master in travel and business trips than becomes more useful to business people.

November Birthstone Citrine fit to all, who engaged in «hand-made» creative work: jewelers, sculptors, woodcarvers, restorers cutters. In addition, it helps the native magicians, fortune-tellers, illusionists.

November Birthstone Topaz


Topaz it is a birthstone for November. — The true Topaz of the ancients which commonly and vulgarly in former times has been taken for a Chrysolite, is a transparent gem, of a diluted green color, which seems (as said Boetius — Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt) to have some yellowness added to it. Andreas Baccius said, it is a stone egregiously glorious, and in its kind excelling in virility, and being found it is preferred before other gems.

«When it is found of a yellow greenness, it is not (said Boetius) then properly called «TopaZius», but «Crysopatius», and the mother of the «Smaragde» (today — the Emerald).

In a «Crysopatius» there is a golden splendor, which does shine through a veered, or green color. In a true «Chrysolite» , which is commonly and vulgarly called «Topaz» there is nothing else but a perfect, excellent, glorious, dilute, green color, or a delightful golden splendor; and in a perfect «Topaz» there is found an excellent, glorious, dilute, green color, which is very delightful to the eye; and without any touch or tincture of any other color whatever.

Thus are these three precious gems truly and perfectly distinguished, which Pliny does speak to confusedly of, that nothing of truth can be gathered from him concerning them».—Vide Boetius.,p.104.

Read also about: Citrine

November Birthstone Topaz

November Birthstone Topaz. Credits to Longhairbroad @ Flickr

Typically, Topaz is associated with yellow gem. However, Topaz exhibits many other shades of color, such as: grayish, greenish, bluish, and reddish. Topaz may also be colorless as a diamond.

There is a way to change the yellow color of Brazilian Topaz, by heating it to a pale rose-pink and the Topaz is often treated in this way. Only brown-yellow Topazes yield the pink color. The pale yellow gems turn white, when heating.

Blue and pale green topazes are found of large size, and often have better luster than specimens of beryl having similar colors.


By the Hebrew words «פלר» and «פםרה» some do understand the Topaz of the Ancietns; (of which Hebrew words we have before spoken of on the page of the May Birthstone Emerald or «Smaragde») and that because it is green like the Emerald.

Topaz is called in Greek «τοπάζιεν», «τοπάζιον» of Hesych. It is also called «Topazion», from cloudy island of the Red Sea, which is often sought for by Navigators, for which frequent it is called «Topazion», and «Topaz» is so named because it is found in this island.

«Topazion» from whence this name «TopaZion» comes, is a «Trogloditish» word, which in the language of the «Troglodytes», signifies «quaerere», or «to seek».

The «Troglodytes» are Ethiopians, which are extended to Arabia and the Red Sea, who have this name from their frequenting of caverns and caves of the Earth: hence in Greek they are called «Troglodities».

Pliny (Pliny the Elder) l.37.,c.8. said, that «this gem was first brought out of the Island of the «Troglodities», called «TopaZion a quadendo», to Berenice Queen of Egypt, and from thence was called «Topazion»».

It is called in English — «Topaz»; in Italian — «Topazzio»; In French — «Topasse»; in Spanish — «Topazzie»; in German — «ein Topass»

The Egyptian name of Topaz signified primarily a «yellow stone», so probably it could be not the Topaz but the yellow Jasper, known and used in Egypt at a very early date. The Topaz was probably not known earlier than 500 or 600 B.C. in Egypt.

Today, there are a lot of other names of Topaz, such as: «Siberian Diamond» (colorless or blue topaz), «Saxon Peridot» (green topaz), «Brazilian Ruby» (red Brazilian topaz), «Killiecrankie diamond» (colorless Australian topaz), «Mogok diamond» (colorless Burmese topaz), «Physalia», «Pickney».

«November Birthstone» is a modern name of the «Topaz» gemstone, which is used in a birthstone jewelry as a marketing name of this gem, but this name of Topaz has a historical base. It was used in the gem charts of XIX century. For more information about birthstone charts in different countries and religions, you can read, for example,— «The Curious Lore of Precious Stones», written by George Frederick Kunz in 1913.


«Topaz» — It is the nature of Solaris, or Sun-Stone. Cardanus (Girolamo Cardano) in his book of admirable cures, does relate wonders concerning the verities of Chrysolite. He said that with alone powder of it drunk in wine, he cured Cesar Palavicinus of a fever that he had been troubled with all fifteen days, and another Noble-man of Melancholy, and of Melancholy, and on the falling sickness with the same remedy, after that he had long in vain been tormented with the somniferous lotions of Physicians.

The powder of Topaz, is said to be good in Asthmatics passions, and in the Orthopnoea if it be drunk in a convenient liquor. If in fivers it be held under the tongue it is said to quench thirst. It is cold and dry as all other precious stones.

The excellent Topaz in the glory of its virility has been esteemed a stone of great value, and that not only for its innate inbred excellency whereby it is very pleasant to the eye: but because it has been of sacred use, as both old and new Testament do affirm.

Topaz was one of these gems which had a place in one of these four rowers of stones engraved with the names of the tribes of Israel, and set in ouches of gold upon the breast-plate of Judgment, as Exodus 28.17., where it was said of God concerning the order of the precious stones in the breast-plate of Judgement. — «The first row shall be a Sardius and a Topaz, and Carbuncle, this shall be the first row».

Topaz is of esteem, not only for its fun-shine glory; but for that also it has been of sacred use. This is one of those stones which the glory of the seventh foundations of the wall of the New-Jerusalem is discovered to us, as Revel.21.20.

Topaz is so hard that it will endure the file, and it grows into so great a masse, that of times features have been made of it. Juba king of Mauritania wrote concerning Topaz, that «there was a statue of four cubits made of it for Arsinoe the wife of Ptolemy Philadelphus, which was consecrated to the gods».

It is reported of Hadrianus Gulielmus, that at Naples he had a Topaz engraved with these ancient Roman letters:

«Natura deficit.
Fortuna mutatur.
Deus omnia cernit».

In English thus:

«Nature by frailty does daily wast away.
Fortune is turn’d and changed every day.
In all, There us an eye know’s no decay.
Jah see’s for aye».

These that are excellent Topaz, do sparkle forth their glory, and beam forth their delightful rays: there are of much esteem, and of very great worth, price and value.

It is for its grateful aspect of very great esteem. Topaz is so perfectly hard, as that by the heat of fire it may be made diaphanous and void of all color, and thus like the best Sapphire, changed into an admirable Diamond; in so much as it being thus dealt withal, no other stone whatever can better resemble on Oriental Diamond then it will.

Anselmus Boetius said, that he saw one of these that weight scarce two scruples (a unit of weight equal to 20 grains, used by apothecaries.), and it was sold for 2 hundred crowns (XVI c.). The color of which (he said) being separated from it, it (Topaz) was so exactly set in ring, that a skillful jeweler couldn’t know it from a true Diamond.

It is whitened after the same manner that Sapphires are; of which has been before spoken.

Ovid.lib.2. Metamorph. does very splendidly feign a chariot of the Sun made of a Chrysolite, in that saith,

«Aureus axis erat, temo aureus, aurea summa
Curvatura rota, vadiorum argenteus ordo:
Per juga Chrysolithi, positiaque ex ordine gemme
Clara repercusso reddebant lumina Phoebo» — Latin.

We need to mention here that the Ancients mistaken thought that the Topaz is the same gem stone as Chrysolite. Although, in fact, the Chrysolite is the same gem as Peridot.


As we can read in the CYCLOPÆDIA of Art, Science & Literature, Vol. XXXVI of 1819, written by Abraham Rees:

«The Topaz may generally be distinguished from all other minerals by the rhomboidal base of its crystals, the fracture, and cross lamellar structure, and by the longitudinal streaks on its fide planes.

Topaz is less hard and heavy than yellow sapphire, and the latter does not become electric by heating. The same characters distinguish it from spinel: it is further distinguished from Spinel by its double refraction. Green colored topaz is distinguished from beryl by its greater specific gravity, that of topaz being 3.5, and of beryl only 2. The latter cleaves in the direction of its lateral planes, which the topaz does not.

A peculiar property of the Topaz was discovered by Vauquelin, that the powder of this gem changes the syrup of violets to green if it remain in the liquor two or three hours, and this property is common to all the varieties of the topaz.

Mr. Canton, in 1760, found that the Brazil Topaz has the electrical properties of the tourmaline. The topaz is easily counterfeited; and there are factitious ones, which, to the eye, are not inferior to the natural ones, to counterfeit the topaz in glass, fee glass resembling Topaz».


For a present time, Topaz is the most popular yellow stone in jewelry. It is used for rings, earrings, necklaces & pendants. Most of the Topazes used in jewelry of the present day come from Brazil or Ceylon.

There are two types of Topazes, which has been divided by jewelers: the oriental Topaz and occidental Topaz. The Oriental Topaz called «The Yellow Sapphire», and the occidental called a «fluo-silicate of alumina».

The occidental topaz category consist three varieties of Topaz, the yellow Topaz, the blue Topaz, and the white Topaz.

The yellow, the prevailing tint, passes from a pale yellow to a rich orange color. Some jewelers call this deep orange tint an oriental topaz. The finest of these come from Villa Rica, Brazil. Saxony also furnishes topazes of a pale yellow, bordering on canary color.

The gem, called «Oriental Topaz» is found also in the Mourne Mountains, Ceylon, Asia Minor, Pegu, Siberia, in Scotland, in Aberdeenshire, and in Ireland.

Blue topazes mined in Brazil, so its often called as «Brazilian Sapphires».

Topaz could also has a pink color. It is produced by exposing the orange topaz to a low red heat: it is called a «Brazilian Ruby» sometimes. However, Pink Topaz could be found in nature sometimes.


Topaz is primarily the birthstone for Scorpio (especially blue and purple varieties). It also fits to Gemini, but traditionally, ancient astrological sources attribute it to the Scorpio zodiac sign.

October Birthstone Tourmaline


October Birthstone – October Birthstone Tourmaline is the only mineral, located on the earth, which have a long-lasting source of energy (the sun). So, October Birthstone Tourmaline is called a nugget of energy or electric stone.

Negative ions and low energy polarity generated from this mineral is a sensational new substance being examined by many research centers and laboratories.

The composition of October Birthstone tourmaline comprises: potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron, silicon, iodine, fluorine, and other components. A total of 26 trace elements from the periodic table.

Name of the Turmaline Birthstone comes from the Sinhalese Turamali-«colorful». Color of October Birthstone tourmaline depends on the chemical composition of the stone. Tourmalines are green or magenta, rarely yellow. The most valuable stones transparent greenish blue and crimson red color. There are tourmalines polychrome painted in different colors simultaneously.

Read also about: Opal & Libra Birthstone


Catherine II just not only loved jewelry – she them truly adored.

Extravagance and splendor of her court became a legend. The Gifts of Empress also were gorgeous – because October Birthstone Tourmaline – changeable stone that era was made ​​primarily hold the luxury jewelry and valuables were also a sign of respect, and the official awards.

Infinitely generous, she herself often received from friends , colleagues and allies fine jewelry – and, of course, could not resist, when in 1777 the Swedish king Gustav VIII gave her a sign of friendship and respect for the delicate carved crimson red grape bunch weight 255 carats, framed by green enamel leaves.

Huge, iridescent stone was like sweet treat that and wanted to taste it – it was the most unusual of Historical stones , and still stored in the Diamond Fund of the Russian Federation. In the old days it was called «ruby Caesar», but later it was found that the gem is not a ruby​​, and perhaps much more interesting and unusual stone.


October Birthstone Tourmaline

October Birthstone Tourmaline. Credits to Longhairbroad @ Flickr

October Birthstone Tourmaline (buyers guide) appeared in Europe relatively recently – sailors brought from Ceylon the first samples, in 1703, returning from the Indian colonies.

There is no doubt that India used tourmalines since ancient times, especially since there is this kind of minerals is considered one of the most valuable.

Dutch colonists, at first did not find October Birthstone tourmaline jewelry application – rough tourmaline crystals they were getting out of their pipes of tobacco ash.

Maybe it was because October Birthstone tourmaline has a wonderful ability to electrify when heated – even its name in the language of the inhabitants of the island of Sri Lanka, «turamali» means «attracting the ashes».

October Birthstone Tourmaline, especially red and green varieties, immediately attracted a lot of attention, but they are often confused with rubies, emeralds and spinels.

Thus, in the crown of the Czech kings , which according to legend was killing the one who wears it without having the law, was not inserted ruby, and October Birthstone tourmaline.

October Birthstone Tourmaline same weight of 500 carats and not pink spinel crown adorned Russian Empress Anna Ivanovna.

In Europe, October Birthstone tourmaline becomes popular not too fast, but is another matter Russia , where these stones came from distant India , immediately gained immense popularity.

At the same time, there October Birthstone tourmaline appeared much earlier – in the XVI century . they are widely imported from the East and were used for inlay cups and boxes, pointing barmas Mantle and royal outfits, decorations church utensils, icons and crosses salaries .

the great princes, such as and Mikhail Romanov Ivan Alexeevich adorned hats and wreaths by October Birthstone Tourmalines.

And so since as October Birthstone tourmaline began to extract the Urals, they began to use many times more – necklaces, rings, brooches , snuff-boxes , sometimes as a material for carving small figurines and vessels.

Certainly, a great role in enhancing October Birthstone tourmaline popularity in Russia played a great Faberge, which is extremely fond of this stone and actively used in jewelry and small items of decor.

After the Revolution, October Birthstone tourmaline for a while, seemed have been forgotten – and extract it in Russia have become noticeably smaller, but today the glory of tourmaline is back and on a much larger scale than before.

Unfortunately , the price is transparent , clean and large stones is also increased, so the best quality October Birthstone tourmalines go to the production of high-end piece of jewelry.


October Birthstone Tourmaline – mineral of silicate group complex composition comprising a compound of aluminum, boron, manganese and magnesium.

Mohs hardness: from 7.0 to 7.5

The density: from 3 to 3.4 g/cm³, glitter glass, pronounced pleochroism.

Old name – schorl. Trade names of varieties – Brazilian sapphire, ruby Brazilian, Brazilian emerald.


October Birthstone Tourmaline mined in Brazil, Russia, Sri Lanka, Madagascar.


Astrologically, red, green and watermelon October Birthstone tourmaline suitable Aries, Taurus, Leos, Libra, Scorpio. For capricorn is more useful green. For Aquarius – blue and green. For Sagittarius – Blue and Scorpio – Black.


October Birthstone Tourmaline – most beautiful of gemstones, each of its species is interesting in its own way.

The most well known red-pink October Birthstone tourmaline, the color of ripe berries like raspberries – they are called rubellite.

Verdelity-dark-green October Birthstone tourmalines, resembling bright emeralds – the second most common.

In third place, you can put a «watermelon» gem – the most amazing views of October Birthstone tourmaline, polychrome stone, various portions of which have the red, then green.

Entire crystal like a piece October Birthstone Tourmaline – Watermelon fickle: it, like this delicious fruit, red and green core of «crust».

However, this does not end of October Birthstone tourmaline colors: among them there indicolite – dark blue mineral that is often reminiscent of sapphire and achroite-clear, colorless stone with a bluish tinge, and bright yellow Canaris and brown dravite and sibirite cherry, and black and opaque schorl gloomy, and the most rare and expensive neon-blue Paraiba tourmaline.

In addition, the color is distributed through the crystal too curious way: different angles, the intensity of color is slightly different and beautiful stone shimmers in the light, and there are minerals with the effect of asterism or «cat’s eye», as well as alexandrite effect that change color depending on the lighting character.


As a healer, October Birthstone tourmaline versatile enough due to the large variety of colors.

In general, October Birthstone tourmaline improve sleep, harmonize state of the endocrine and immune systems.

Noteworthy is the ability of October Birthstone tourmaline (schorl especially) have a positive impact on cancer.

Black October Birthstone tourmaline is also indicated in the treatment of neurotic disorders.

Green October Birthstone tourmaline restore nerves after stressful situations.

Red October Birthstone tourmaline, especially rubellites, reduced metabolism, improve complexion, strengthen the potency and sexual function of the body, improve blood circulation and generally beneficial effect on the circulatory system.

Watermelon October Birthstone tourmaline combines the properties and pink, and green of their fellows.


Energy of October Birthstone tourmaline long been associated with sexual energy , even considering something like an aphrodisiac.

In India, red-pink October Birthstone tourmaline – the traditional male mascot, granting potency attractiveness to the opposite sex, mutual love.

October Birthstone Tourmaline was not recommended to women, because the stone supposedly could make them too active and insatiable in his personal life.

Green October Birthstone tourmaline – money «decoy» that attracts success and wealth as powerfully as red tourmaline attracts – love.

However, October Birthstone tourmaline able to absorb excess energy and cool feeling, so it should not wear those over 35 years old.

It should be noted that both of these stones – mascots artists, bestowing inspiration, creative energy and recognition of talent.

Multicolored tourmalines – the lucky stones, while carrying luck, creative and erotic impulses, they make life easier, bright and cheery.

Blue October Birthstone tourmaline brings peace and tranquility, promotes wisdom and contemplation.

October Birthstone Tourmaline long time ago gained notoriety – he is considered a stone of witches and wizards, and for good reason: it protects against so-called «Evil forces» and poltergeist helps reflect astral attack or attack yourself.

Colorless October Birthstone tourmaline helps business people in the difficult moments of doing business, it must be worn in the form of beads or as Signet.

October Birthstone Opal

Opal is the birthstone for October. — It is a precious stone which has in it the bright fiery flame of a Carbuncle, the pure refulgent purple of an Amethyst, and a whole sea of Emeralds spring glory, or virescence, end every one of them shining with incredible mixture, and very much pleasure: so that this can’t easily be counterfeited or adulterated as other jewels may.

Boeticus says of Opal, that it is the fairest and most pleasing of all other jewels, by reason of its various colors.

Cardanus says that he bought one for 15 crowns, that he took as much pleasure in, as he could do in a Diamond of 50 aureos (Latin – Gold).


In many of Opals do appear Sky-color, Purple, Green, Yellow, Red, and sometimes a Black and White or Milky color; but we must not think that all these colors are severally in the jewell, for break but the Opal, and all the variety of colors do perish; by which it doth appear that the variety of colors in the Opal, arises from the reflection of one or more colors; as sometimes is seen in the Rainbow, and may be experienced in a triangular Crystal, where the alone reflection of the light upon the angles, or corners of Crystal, do in the Crystal produce various colors, which otherwise is diaphanous, perfectly transparent, clear, and without color.

The finest species of Opals emit also the yellow of the Topaz and the blue of the Sapphire. Opal is, in one word, a natural prism, which, like the soap bubble or the three cornered glass, de-compounds the sunbeam into its elements. About the cause of this decomposition «doctors disagree». Brewster’s theory seems the most plausible, viz. that this cause is the existence of fissures and cracks in the interior of the mass.

Read also: Tourmaline & Libra Birthstone


October Birthstone Opal

October Birthstone Opal. Credits to Longhairbroad @ Flickr

Professor Nicol notices nine varieties of Opals, all possessing more or fewer of the same general characteristics, Our space will permit our touching; on but one.

We may premise, that the name of Opal is derived from the Greek «δps», eye-the Greeks, who highly valued Opal, believing it to have the power of strengthening the eye. We may add here, to save a fresh reference, that the Greeks fancied it had the effect to conciliate universal good will to its possessor, and therefore named Opal also «paiderδs», i. e. love of children. In the «Apocalypse», Saint John compares the Celestial City, as a whole, to Opal, as exhibiting all colors at once.

The finest of the Opal species is called the precious or noble Opal. Nicols names various parts of the East as producing it, Recent writers contradict him and say that Hungary, Saxony, the Faroe Islands, and South America are its native localities. Opal is found in small gangs and nests of the volcanic porphyry formation.


Opal is used for rings, necklaces and diadems; the smaller specimens for mounting snuff-boxes, rings, etc. It still stands in very high estimation, though probably not so high as among the Romans, in whose day it was said, that Nonius, a Roman Senator, chose banishment rather than surrender splendid Opal to Mark Anthony. Opal’s present estimation may be judged from the fact that a single large Opal was lately sold in Europe for 150,000 dollars. Opal has never yet been imitated.

The Imperial Mineralogical Cabinet at Vienna contains a precious Opal weighing seventeen ounces; and among the French Jewels is a cloak-el-asp mounted with an Opal, valued at 37, 500 francs. It is surrounded with 197 other Brilliants.

Of the other eight species of Opal we will not here speak, since some idea of them may be gotten from the above description. We can’t better close, than by a touch from our friend Nicols on the «vertues of Opal».


It is reported of Opal, that it sharpens the sight of the processors of it, and cloudeth the eyes of those that stand about him, so that they can either not see or not mind what is done before them: for this case Opal is asserted to be safe patron of thieves and thefts; as it is related in Lapidario.


Opal is used to be found near Freiberg in Saxony, but is at present met with only near Kasehau in Upper Hungary.

From want of hardness and of crystalline form, the Opal can scarcely be ranked among the gems. It has, however, in all ages and countries been very highly esteemed.

Among the eastern nations at the present day the Opal ranks higher than it does in Europe; nor is this to be wondered at. From the general seclusion in which not only women, but even men of rank, pus the greater part of their time, the pleasure derived from the possession of gems must depend in a great measure on their intrinsic beauty, on the degree in which they are capable of gratifying, without satiating the taste or vanity of their owners.

In Europe, on the contrary, (with the exception of a few amateurs), gems are considered as mere ornaments being admired less on their own account than for the general homage that they receive from others. Hence the brilliancy, the far-darting luster of a jewel, the-distance from which it con-centers the gaze of by standers on its wearer, is its supreme, merit among us.

The color and fire of the Opal require a near inspection for a full enjoyment of, their beauty, which undoubtedly greatly detracts from its Worth as an ornament.

Fine Opal are extremely rare, and are generally used for ear-drops and rings; sometimes, however, they are set with group and clusters of other gems. When plates of porphyry (The matrix of Opal) can be, procured sufficiently rich in veins of Opal, they form a superb material for snuff-boxes, and similar articles.

Opal is, upon die whole, too soft and fragile to endure the ordinary process of the lapidary; it requires the utmost management in working, and a, moment of inattention is sufficient to destroy its beauty. It is always cut en cabochon.